The Witching Hours

THE WITCHING HOURS

Strange shadows dart stealthily across sparely lit streets, as dusk settles heavily on quiet neighborhoods of tree-lined sidewalks and cheerful well-kept homes. The eerie scream of a screech owl, more likely the brakes of a passing car, echoes deep into the night. Looming ominously from nearly every window is the menacing glare of smirking Jack-o-lanterns, while the often nervous refrain of “Trick or Treat” rings out in repetitious peals. Halloween is here, and with it the shivery remembrance of things that go bump in the night.

Halloween, a holiday once favored second to Christmas, is not as much fun as it used to be. The last few Halloweens have brought tampering scares, such as finding razors in apples and poisoned candy. A sick segment of society has forced many parents to hold neighborhood parties, instead of allowing their children to trick or treat. The tricks have been turned on the children, ruining an a once magical evening.

Gone are the days when children, dressed up hideously, or gaudily beautiful, could enter the home of a stranger, and be offered chilled apple cider with cinnamon stick straws, and homemade gingerbread, or cupcakes with orange icing and candy corn faces. No longer can mischievous children creep up on neighborhood porches to toss corn kernels against the front door, or generously soap window panes, without triggering house alarms and angering guard dogs kept behind locked fences. The mystical lure of Halloween is becoming a commercial enterprise for the sale of candy, costumes and decorations.

Halloween is a Christian name meaning All Hallows, or All Saint’s Day, but the custom of Halloween dates back to the Celtic cult in Northern Europe. As the Roman conquest pushed north, the Latin festival of the harvest god, Pomona, mingled with the Druid god, Samhain. Eventually, the Christians adopted the Celtic rites into their own observances.

Halloween signified the return of the herds from the pasture, renewal of laws and land tenures, and the practice of divination with the dead, presumed to visit their homes on this day. For both the Celts and the Anglo-Saxons, Halloween marked the eve of a new year. The Britain’s were convinced that divinations concerning health, death and luck, were most auspicious on Halloween. The devil, himself, was evoked for such purposes.

The Druid year began on November first, and on the eve of that day, the lord of death gathered the souls of the dead who had been condemned to enter the body of animals to decide what form they should take for the upcoming year; the souls of the good entered the body of another human at death. The Druids considered cats to be sacred, believing these animals had once been human, changed into cats as punishment for evil deeds.

The Druid cults were outlawed by the Romans during their reign in Great Britain, but the Celtic rites have survived, in part, to the present day. By the time these ancient rites migrated to America, the mystic significance was lost, and all that has remained is an evening when children can dress in outrageous costumes, and collect candy from obliging neighbors; yet a tiny part of every child still believes in witches, ghosts, and the nameless entities that creep about on Halloween, relatives, to their young minds, of the monster that lives under every child’s bed.

In the ancient days, it was believed that Halloween was the night chosen by witches and ghosts to freely roam, causing mischief and harm. Witchcraft existed before biblical times, believed in by ancient Egyptians, Romans and American Indians. The Christian Church held varying opinions on witchcraft, at one time accrediting it to be an illusion, later accepting it as a form of alliance with the devil. As late as 1768, disbelief in witchcraft was regarded as proof of atheism.

Halloween customs varied from country to country, but all were related to the Celtic rites. Immigrants to this country, particularly the Scotch and Irish, introduced some of the customs remaining today, but there were many more that are unfamiliar. On Halloween in Scotland, women sowed hemp seed into plowed land at midnight, repeating the formula: “Hemp seed I sow, who will my husband be, let him come and mow.” Looking over her left shoulder, a woman might see her future mate.

Apples and a six-pence were put into a tub of water, and whoever succeeded in extracting either of them with his mouth, but without using his teeth, was guaranteed a lucky year. In the highlands of Scotland in the 18th century, families would march about their fields on Halloween, walking from right to left, with lighted torches, believing this would assure good crops. In other parts of Scotland, witches were accused of stealing milk and harming cattle. Boys took peat torches and carried them across the fields, from left to right(widdershins), in an effort to scare the witches away.

The Scots strongly believed in fairies. If a man took a three-legged stool to an intersection of three roads, and sat on it at midnight, he might hear the names of the people destined to die in the coming year. However, if he tossed a garment to the fairies, they would happily revoke the death sentence.

Scotland’s witches held a party on Halloween. Seemingly ordinary women, who had sold their souls to the devil, put sticks, supposedly smeared with the fat of murdered babies, into their beds. These sticks were said to change into the likenesses of the women, and fly up the chimney on broomsticks, attended by black cats, the witches’ familiars.

In Ireland, a meal of callcannon, consisting of mashed potatoes, onions and parsnips, was solemnly served on Halloween. Stirred into this concoction, was a ring, a thimble, a coin, and a doll. The finder of the ring would marry soon, the finder of the doll would have many children, the thimble finder would never marry, and the one fortunate enough to find the coin would be rich. Jack-o-lanterns originated from Ireland, where according to newspaper editor and writer, George William Douglas, ” a stingy man named Jack was barred from Heaven because of his penuriousness, and forbidden to enter Hell because of his practical jokes on the devil, thus condemned to walk the earth with his lantern until Judgement Day.”

A more serious custom was the holding of the General Assembly(Freig) at Tara, in Celtic Ireland, celebrated every three years and lasting two weeks. Human sacrifices to the gods opened the ceremonies, the victims going up in flames.

England borrowed many of the Scotch and Irish customs, adding them to their own. Young people bobbed for apples, and tied a lighted candle to one end of a stick, and an apple to the other. The stick was suspended and set spinning, the object of the game being to bite the apple without getting burned by the candle. This custom was a relic of the fires lighted on the eve of Samhain in the ancient days of the Celts.

The only customs bearing no relation to the ancient rites is the masquerade costumes of today, and Halloween parades. But the custom of masked children asking for treats comes from the seventeenth century, when Irish peasants begged for money to buy luxuries for the feast of St. Columba, a sixth century priest, who founded a monastery off the coast of Scotland.

From the north of England comes the activity known as “mischief night”, marked by shenanigans with no particular purpose, or background. Boys and young men overturned sheds, broke windows, and damaged property. Mischief night prevails today, but is mostly limited to throwing eggs, smashing pumpkins, and lathering cars with shaving cream. The custom of trick or treat is observed mainly by small children, going from house to house. The treat is almost always given, and the trick rarely played, except by teenagers, who view Halloween as an excuse to deviate from acceptable behavior.

Children today, knowing little or nothing of the history and myths behind Halloween, still get exited over the prospect of acting out their fantasies of becoming a witch, ghost, devil, or pirate. It is still pleasurable for an adult, remembering Halloweens past, to see the glow on a child’s face as he removes his mask and assures you that he’s not really a skeleton. Watching the wide-eyed stares of young children warily observing flickering candle-lit pumpkins, is an assurance that even today, thousands of years beyond the witch and ghost-ridden days of the Druids, a little of the magic of Halloween remains. Children need a little magic to become creative adults; adults need a little magic to keep the child in them alive. So if, on this Halloween, you notice a black cat slink past your door, trailing behind a horde of make-believe goblins, it probably belongs to a neighbor. And the dark shadow whisking across the face of a nearly full moon is only the wisp of a cloud, not a witch riding a broom… probably.

By the pricking of my thumbs,

Something wicked this way comes.

Open, locks,

Whoever knocks!

-Shakespeare

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29 thoughts on “The Witching Hours

  1. What A great post, Micki. I never knew half these customs but As I read each one I kept thinking so that is whee that came from. It was fascinating and enjoyable

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  2. A fascinating post on the history of Halloween some I knew but much I didn’t and I think it is such a shame more is not done to ensure future generations know the history and not just the commercialism which is so rife now. More importantly is that fact that we now have to be so vigilant and careful that our children are not exposed or hurt by some of the trickery of the sicker segment of our society and also cannot freely enter homes for a harmless drink of apple cider flavoured with cinnamon sticks and some candy…But it doesn’t detract from a lovely post which has taught me much about Halloween..Thank you Micki x

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    1. Thanks Blondie, I just said much the same thing in the above post. This may also be why this generation is so unhappy. They seem to have everything, most of them, but not what is missing in their lives like family times and safe places to just be kids and have fun.

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      1. That is why I like it here so much my own grandchildren are happy with very little they play and make games up and spend very little time on-line I know when I was in the Uk in the run to xmas the list I got an enourmous list of wants and now they think really hard and just ask for one thing and truly are happy ….. Being children and playing outside most of the time and getting dirty… It is very refreshing to see :)such happy faces …A lovely post, Carol 🙂

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  3. So nice to read a post that puts Halloween into perspective, Micki. I find myself bothered by the commercialism, as well as by the denigration of witches ~ nature people, healers who venerate Mother Earth and bear no resemblance to warlocks and devil worshipers. Yet it’s a tragedy that Halloween has been stolen from children, hijacked by the sick and perverted. I wish parents would teach children the origin of Halloween. Just as In 844, when Pope Gregory IV supplanted and replaced the Pagan winter solstice festival of Samhain by moving the feast of All Saints Day to November 1st, so too have greedy corporations exploited Halloween. Just as witches were scapegoated and slaughtered, so too are children being targeted, even killed. The good news is that, thanks to the Internet, many are learning the true history of Halloween. Perhaps we will reclaim the spirit of Hallomas and again celebrate without fear 🙂 ❤

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    1. Thanks, Jennie, I remember Halloween as my favorite holiday as a kids and even my own kids. Today is such a dangerous world, much of that ‘free’ fun without being watched over by parents was awesome–something today’s kids cannot know, in safety

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  4. A fascinating post-Micki. I didn’t know the origins of many of the countries listed here. You have done your research girl, and very well I might add. I find the difference amazing from country to country. I know that some cultures will not let their children out on Halloween but this is so informative. If it’s alright with you I am going to print it and let my grands read it. Thank you for sharing. I loved it.

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  5. Terrific post! I enjoyed reading about the different traditions. At school (preschool) I tell my children about Halloween when I was a little girl. They are amazed that children went out alone, in the dark. Happy Halloween!

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    1. I think most of our holidays, especially Christmas were taken from the pagans when the Church tried to draw them into the Christian religions by using their own customs. Christmas is celebrated on the Pagan Winter Solstice, not when Christ was actually born. Ahh but that’s in another post.:)

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  6. I never knew that about Halloween thinking it was a modern commercial activity devised purely for money. I live in London and realise that the Scots are a bit strange as the people from ‘up North’ but now knowing their customs I’ll never look at them the same. lolol

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